Astronomers Discover Elemental Proof For A Moon Outside Our Solar System


Astronomers utilizing NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and Kepler Space Telescope have gathered captivating proof for the being of a moon orbiting a gas mammoth planet 8,000 light years away.

Alex Teachey and David Kipping report that discernment of a candidate exomoon that is moons orbiting planets in other star systems is abnormal due to its massive size approximate to the diameter of Neptune. Such gigantic moons are not present in our own solar system where 200 natural satellites have been indexed.

Kipping, an assistant professor of astronomy at Columbia said that this would be the premiere occurrence of recognizing a moon exterior to our solar system. If established by pursuing Hubble observations the discovery could throw light upon important signals about the progress of planetary systems and may originate specialists to frequent conjecture of how moons form around planets.

In observing exomoons, the researchers scrutinized data from 284 Kepler-found planets that were in relatively broad paths, with time spans pronounced than 30 days around their host stars. The surveillance studied the fleeting dipping of starlight as a planet proceeded in front of its star called a transit. Researchers stumbled upon one example in Kepler 1625b, that had conspiring inconsistencies.

Kipping said that we observed few deviations and wobbles in the light curve that grabbed our attention. The Kepler outcomes were sufficient enough for the group to achieve 40 hours of time with Hubble to vehemently study the planet acquiring the data four times more accurate than that of Kepler.

NASA Scientist Found Water On The Moon

The Moon has caught the hearts and psyches of people for, well, essentially as far back as we probably are aware. It seems every night like a trusty companion, and it’s anything but difficult to perceive any reason why, in the ages previously space travel, humanity pondered what was truly up there. It’s currently been almost 50 years since man strolled on the lunar surface, however, it appears the Moon still has a couple of mysteries to reveal

Researchers have long thought of water or ice could appear in the ever-dark channels at the moon’s posts and that perception has lastly been verified in a document released in the Procedures of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences on Aug. 20.

The NASA researchers identified the revealing marks of freezing mineral water in infra-red dimensions taken by Nasa’s celestial satellite mineralogy mapper, a device that went on India’s Chandrayaan-1 search for the celestial satellite a several years ago.

The naturally investigated information demonstrate that water ice sneaks on the ground in various spots close to the moon’s polar districts that are for all time in shade thus protected from the warmth of the sun’s beams.

To show that there definitely is ice at the posts, researchers used information from NASA’s Celestial satellite Mineralogy Mapper, M3, which released in 2008 onboard the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft. M3 is a picture spectrometer, which means it has the chance to evaluate wavelengths of sunshine. This provides researchers with a way to find the structure of components. M3 has already had a big lunar win — it assisted discover mineral water on the moon during 2009.

By learning the indicative qualities and the way the elements process mild, M3 was able to for sure say that mineral water ice prevails at the moon’s posts, with a much better submission at the southeast, due to the existence of more shadowed areas.

The recognition is important for upcoming lunar tasks, with the ice seated close enough to the outer lining that it may even be possible that upcoming trips use it as an origin.

The ice was found on account of India’s Chandrayaan-1 shuttle which was sent into space an entire decade prior. The instruments on board could identify the ice by concentrate the manner in which light connected with it on the lunar surface. By nearly considering the manner in which that light bobbed off of a material, analysts can decide a great deal about it, and for this situation, it was simple for the rocket to see the distinction between the ice and the encompassing surface.

This disclosure is vital for various reasons. No, NASA doesn’t envision we’ll discover any confirmation of life solidified inside the old ice, however that doesn’t mean it’s not worth exploring. As different space programs the world over start to increase their endeavours to investigate different bodies, the Moon is probably going to wind up a prime goal for examining as well as a bouncing off point for missions headed further into the Solar System.

The conceivable outcomes of a lunar base of some kind are genuine, and if there’s as of now water (yet solidified) on the Moon’s shafts, it could possibly be utilized as an asset for future missions. Neil Armstrong may have been the primary human to stroll on the Moon, however will’s identity the first to drink a glass of Moon water?

NASA’s Juno Spacecraft spots completely disclosed volcano on the gripper’s silence IO

NASA, Juno spacecraft

Using data collected by the NASA Juno spacecraft, scientists have obtained clues to previously undiscovered volcanoes on the Jupiter satellite.

NASA said on Saturday that with its Jovian Infrared Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) instrument, the Juno spacecraft discovered a new heat source near the Io South Pole.

Alessandro Muller, a joint researcher at Juno National Institute of Astrophysics in Rome, said in a statement: “The new Io hotspot JIRAM is about 300 kilometers from the hot spot on the nearest map.”

“We don’t rule out the movement or modification of previously discovered hotspots, but it’s hard to imagine a person who can travel so far and still be considered the same feature,” Mura added.

Infrared data was collected on December 16, 2017, when Juno was about 4, 70,000 kilometers from the moon.

NASA said that the Juno team will continue to evaluate the data collected during the over flight on December 16 and the JIRAM data that will be collected in the future (or even closer) Io flight.

NASA missions that have visited the Jupiter system (Voice 1 and 2, Galileo, Cassini and New Horizons) and ground observations have so far placed more than 150 live on Io volcanic.

Scientists estimate that there are still about 250 waiting to be discovered.

Since entering Jurassic orbit on July 4, 2016, Juno has recorded nearly 235 million kilometers.

NASA said that Juno’s 13th scientific pass will begin on July 16.

For nine months or more United States could lose its access to send astronauts to ISS

ISS, NASA, Astronauts

Space X and Boeing are facing delays in manufacturing and also difficulty in certification, due to this they are unable to provide the vehicles required by NASA  to transport astronauts to the International Space Station in 2019, this all is estimated by an scaring government report. The result of these situations is really bad for  NASA because of this the US might not have a crew to transport to ISS for almost a year. according to a report published this week by the U.S. Government Accountability Office, NASA mission –Commercial Crew Program is in danger.

Now a plan is required to make sure a untroubled access to the International Space Station. If they fail in this, as a result, US could lose its ability to transport astronauts to the International Space Station, after the contract between NASA and Russia Soyuz program expires in November of 2019. The report given by GAO warns that the US may lose its access to send astronauts to space for a long period of time, maybe nine months or even more, and this sucks.

The United States sent astronauts to the moon from the year 10968 to 1972 when no other country was able to do so, and also the country that was able to maintain a good astronaut delivery service since 1981 to 2011 in the now-retired Space Shuttle Program form and now it can be grounded soon. It seems that when NASA started using private sector partners in association with budget cuts, this made the United States a weak player when it comes to launching a mission with the crew into space.

In 2014, NASA signed a contract with both Space X and Boeing, to manufacture vehicles which are able to send astronauts to the ISS. According to GAO altogether, the contract is worth $6.8billion but with so many delays the program has been troubled. In early 2017 the Dragon Capsule of Space X was originally scheduled to launch but now its certification is uncertain until February 2019. Boeing’s Starliner, that was assumed to get fully ready till the third quarter of 2017, but now it also pushed to January 2019.

Both the vehicles are expected to get ready by 2019, but this not an issue. The problem as the GAO sees it has to do with NASA  rather process of vague certification, that is required to ensure whether these new capsules are enough safe for human spaceflight. The present process needed NASA to evaluate the probability of crew members getting injured or killed during a space flight. But according to report by GAO “NASA doesn’t have a consistent approach for calculating this metric,” which means “results can vary based on who within NASA is conducting the analysis”. The government auditors say further delays are likely, as the “Commercial Crew Program’s schedule risk analysis shows that the certification milestone is likely to slip.”

This indicates a clear problem. As the contract with Soyuz is going to expire next year, these expected delays will result in a gap, that is possible to last nine months or more. It is easy to say that NASA can try to book seat board for future missions with Soyuz but it is difficult to do. “The process for manufacturing the [Soyuz] spacecraft and contracting for those seats typically takes three years—meaning additional seats would not be available before 2021,” notes the GAO report.

This all is very bleak, but in its report, GAO has made many recommendations. In addition to sharing its schedule risk analyses regularly with Congress, GAO says NASA should “develop and maintain a contingency plan for ensuring a presence on the ISS until a Commercial Crew Program contractor is certified.” Before these capsules became ready, the space agency should do a full evaluation of how it determines the levels of risk tolerance for its crew  members and after NASA complete the anticipated certification reviews, it “should document lessons learned [relating to the potential] loss of crew as a safety threshold for future crewed spaceflight missions, given the complexity of the metric.”

The recommendations given by GAO are as indefinite as they are apparent. But of course, NASA requires a backup plan, and also a method to solve this convoluted certification thing. But we cannot expect anything more than pointing out problems from government auditors, it is their job to find a problem, not trying to fix them.  NASA and most importantly Congress, which holds the pursue strings, need to figure out this crap.


NASA Curiosity rover takes a selfie during a massive dust storm

NASA, Curiosity rover, dust storm

A massive dust storm is wrapping around Mars. The wind was of the size of North America, and it completely blocked the sun. The skies look like night during the daytime because of the storm the visibility became so weak. It was a tough situation for NASA’s Opportunity rover when the storm occurs as the rover was in the middle of something crucial martian roving. Therefore the  Opportunity rover uses solar power to tour the red planet .on June 10 The 15-year-old rover fell asleep, to conserve power hoping the storm to stop and sunlight can reach its panels.

“This is the worst storm Opportunity has ever seen, and we’re doing what we can, crossing our fingers, and hoping for the best,” Steve Squyres, a planetary scientist at Cornell University and leader of the rover mission, told A.J.S. Rayl for a recent Planetary Society blog post.

According to the scientists, the storm may last weeks. To keep the electronic circuits warm if Opportunity rover uses it energy reserves then fiery cold red planet temperature will disable them.

As it is solar powered, Opportunity needs sunlight to communicate with NASA NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. This is a horror condition for Opportunity until the storm stops and it can finally recharge its energy. The martian nights are very cold sometimes it is -100F. Opportunity rover batteries are protected by survival heaters, but it may use a lot of energy by running them for a long time. JBL had seen before these conditions, when Opportunity twin, Spirit was damaged by cold in 2010.

But Opportunity has witnessed a lot of number of dust storms since 14 years exploring Mars. Also in 2007 rover was sent to minimal energy but hopefully it survived.

JPL researcher David Kass, PhD for its current woes. In January, Kass, who has been studying the role of dust storms in Mars’ changing climate, said in a statement: “It would be great to have a global dust storm we could observe with all the assets now at Mars, and that could happen this year.” Here’s hoping that the brave, resilient rover, which has survived 14 years longer than it was expected to, continues to defy expectations — and that NASA scientists be a little more careful about what they wish for.

But the storm conditions aren’t same in all around the planet. The storm is not dangerous for curiosity which is a car-size rover, nuclear powered. NASA landed it on mars in 2012. Curiosity rover doesn’t use solar cells just like Opportunity; it uses plutonium 238  to power itself for exploring the red planet. So darkness is not a problem for it.

On Friday curiosity photographed itself during the storm.

The image is taken from an instrument called the Mars Hand Lens Imager. The camera can function like a multi-million-dollar selfie stick, and it sits on the end of Curiosity’s robotic arm.

As the camera was not able to capture all of the Curiosity photos in one shot, it takes a series of photos- the images are more than 200. On Saturday Kevin M. Gill, a NASA  software engineer, who processes spacecraft photos, stitched all the images into a single paranoma.

Curiosity surroundings are also shown in the paranomic selfie; it also includes a picture of a rock with a drill hole in it and a pile of dust orange in colour.

After looking at photos taken by rover the channel’s creator and narrator Tyler Glockner ask “Has NASA once again slipped up and let evidence of potential alien life reach the public in a new set of photographs captured on Mars by the rover?”

According to Glockner, the blur looks like “an object moving extremely quickly” and shows up in two separate photos, which means it “isn’t a piece of sand or something on the lens.”

set of photographs captured on Mars by the rover?”

on December 2016 curiosity drill was taken offline because it was suffering from a mechanical problem.

But in May 2018 NASA tested the drill and eventually found out a way to solve the problem. After this, a two-inch deep hole was bored into curiosity, then dropped some fresh martian grit on the ground to see how much dirt it will collect for sampling. It was all part of the test

Scientists are hoping to gather more clues to see how such strong dust storms will occur and dissipate on the red planet by using rovers like Opportunity, Curiosity and also other three satellites in orbit around the mars.

The last dust storm arose on the surface of Mars in 2007, But at the time there were not as many spacecraft as they are now. Now NASA is concerned about the future of Opportunity rover, as scientists have waited for more than a decade for this kind of dust storm to happen so that they can study it.

“This is the ideal storm for Mars science,” Jim Watzin, the director of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program, said in a press release. “We have a historic number of spacecraft operating at the red planet. Each offers a unique look at how dust storms form and behave — knowledge that will be essential for future robotic and human missions.”

The last time NASA informed the public about Curiosity rover when it was sitting to the edge of a massive dust storm, the storm had grown to the size of Russia and North America combined.

NASA  future missions to Mars

Recently NASA has launched Insight Mars Lander; it would touch the surface by the time of November 26. The next mission is 2020 rover, it is almost similar to curiosity, but it can be a better option to search for signs of past alien life and prepare a sample for return to Earth.

NASA is also looking forward to its giant Space Launch System, and one of its planned versions might send a small crew of members on Mars. Also, some private companies are hoping to explore the red planet. SpaceX, Elon Musk’s rocket company, may send people to Mars in the mid -2020 in combination with its upcoming Big Falcon Rocket system Blue Origin, it is owned by Jeff Bezos, who is designing a New Glenn rocket that may be capable of surviving on Mars.

If any of these can able to send people on the red planet in relative safety, experts say it will be no walk in the park. Crews will face threats from explosions, radiation, starvation, and other dangers.

If NASA  became a success to master a small-scale nuclear reactor for space, future martian crews would not have to worry about dust storms which threaten their power supply

NASA’s two astronauts Alan Bean and Don Peterson died last weekend

The last weekend was the saddest weekend for the all space fans as this past weekend the world lost two astronauts. One was the well-known moonwalker and the other was a spacewalker. The fourth man to travel to the moon, Alan Bean died at age 86 on 26th May 2018. He was famous as the Lunar Module Pilot (LMP) and he carried out the Apollo 12 lunar landing mission. However, he was not the first choice for that mission. Clifton Curtis Williams was originally chosen for the flight. But, William died in a T-38 jet trainer misshape and after that Bean was chosen for the Apollo 12 mission from the Apollo Applications Program. It is now the Skylab Space Station.

Talking about the launch event of the Apollo 12, it was an eventful launch. After just lift-off, the Saturn-V rocket was struck by lightning and its telemetry stopped working. However, after that, Bean with the help of NASA engineer John Aaron’s quick thinking developed some command module and he flipped the Signal Conditioning Electronics (SCE) system to it supplementary setting and restored the data flow to the ground centers. That time, the ground staffs were in fear and thought the lighting affected the command module’s parachute the mission proceeds.

If compared to the Apollo 11 mission, the second landing on the moon was really interesting. During that mission, Bean failed to take a timed photo of him and Pete Conrad, the mission commander. Apart from that he also broke a video camera by pointing it toward the Sun but that was an accident. While en-route back to Dick Gordon in the command module, Conrad allowed Bean, the lunar module pilot, too, er, actually pilot the lunar module.

In the end, the mission came out as a huge success and successfully demonstrated near-pinpoint landing accuracy, by landing the rocket within the walking distance from the NASA’s Surveyor 3 Probe. But, while doing reentry, a loose piece of capsule equipment knocked down bean in the capsule.

After the Apollo 2 mission, Bean joined the Apollo Applications Program and in his next mission, he traveled to the Skylab space station that was the second crewed mission to the station. The mission began after the repairs done by the former commander, Pete Conrad.

When he was in the Skylab 3 mission, he spent 59 days in space. After that, he returned to earth and joined as the backup for Apollo’s last hurrah – the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975.

Bean’s career as an astronaut took a strange turn when he left NASA giving a place to new astronauts in the Space Shuttle program. After that, he became a fertile thing. He was just trying to understand the sense of what it was like. He was also seen in The Fantasy, which consisted of the Apollo 12 mission’s all three crew members who have flown to the moon. Dick Gordon, Bean’s crew mate in the Apollo 12 moon mission was chosen for Apollo 18 mission but, he never flew.

Bean’s paintings have some added textures of his lunar boot prints and fragments of his mission patches, and lunar dust. He was seen in many lectures, giving students information about his Apollo mission and insight of his career at NASA. One of the best lectures of his at a Space Lectures event was recorded by Leo Bakker. One should hear see that lecture of Bean. After Bean, there are only four humans left on the Earth who have set their foot on the moon.

Now about Don Peterson, the first space shuttle spacewalker. Peterson passed away just a day after Bean’s death. Peterson who waited for a long time for his first space journey has died at age 84. After resigning from the US Air Force Manned Orbiting Laboratory program, he joined NASA in 1969.

Initially, he worked as the Apollo 16 support crew then moved to the Space Shuttle Program. His first mission was STS-6, the first launch of the challenger.  In the mission, NASA sent its first Tracking Data and Relay Satellite into Earth’s lower orbit. But, due to an issue in the Inertial Upper Stage of the satellite, it moved in the wrong orbit. Then, scientists moved it to the right geosynchronous location, using spacecraft’s thruster. The satellite then worked perfectly till 2010. In 2010, the satellite removed from its operation and plunged into the graveyard orbit.

His first attempt of the spacewalk was aborted as his spacesuit developed some issues and crew illness, but in the second attempt he himself carried out his first spacewalk from the space shuttle. The spacewalk was for STS-6.  He and Story Musgrave, the mission specialist spend around one hour seventeen minutes in the payload bay for examining the tools and techniques which were used in the later mission. Peterson retired from NASA after waiting a long 15 years for his first space shuttle mission. He was working as an aerospace consultant.

NASA’s astronaut reveals the horrors of using the space toilet in ISS

If you are thinking the space travel is full with a lot of thrills and adventure and modern space flight is glamorous, then you need to see the real story from NASA’s astronaut Peggy Whitson. It may sound interesting but being an astronaut comes with some serious compromises, and one of the horrors relates to the toilet of ISS.

Recently, in an interview, Whitson who has spent 665 days in space at the International Space Station has shared some unpleasant truth about the toilet situation of the International Space Station and it sounds really awful.

Peggy Whitson stated that the ISS is not a hotel where one can expect high-quality and luxurious toilet. But it has a bathroom. Its just like a pod, but of course it is better than a dipper and Maximum Absorbency garment dippers also called Apollo bag. Talking about its coast it is around $19,000. Some reports say the first toilet on the American side of the International Space Station was installed in 2008, but later in flooded. But there is still a toiled on the Russian side of the ISS. However, the toilet is known for its malfunctions.

Explaining the process, Whitson stated that urinating is somehow easy in the ISS. But the more challenging thing is doing number two. Because, while pooping one need to hit a small target, otherwise, the condition will be horrible.  The toilet looks like a box developed with the high-tech mechanism. There is a metallic base attached to a powerful fan which produces suction power for excrement.

The best part of is the peeing apparatus. It looks like funnel or vacuum and very easy to use. It vacuum-suck the pee and then it goes for the recycling process. As per the information, around 80 to 85 percent of urine recycled to astronauts drinking water. After few days, the pee turns into water and used by astronauts. The whole process took 8 days to complete. Well, it sounds really cool. But the worst part is pooping.

In the ISS, the pooping method is like one need to hover over the wet vac-like tool and poop into a plastic bag carrying a small hole. It may sound easy, but in zero gravity, it is not easy to aim. Expressing her horror story Whitson stated in space toilet while pooping, one needs to hit a fairly small target.

For this, astronauts before going to ISS have to practice the method through training toilet. A camera helps inline things up. Free-floating poop is dangerous for space travel since. There are some accidents related to this. Because it can’t be recycled like pee. What NASA does is that shoot it out from the ISS and burn up in Earth’s atmosphere. It may look like a shooting star.

As per the information was given by the European Space Agency, the mass disposal in the ISS happens in every 10 days and till that day the poop stays inside the toilet. Well, from here one can imagine what the toilet of the space station is like after few days.

However, after it gets filled up, astronauts use a rubber glove and pack it in a bag. This is the most disgusting process. If the process is not carried out with care, it can result in airborne turds drifting around the room and then they have to collect and put back in right place. it is important to catch the poop before it gets away from the ISS.

However, besides all these disgusting things, Peggy Whitson by expressing her feeling stated that she enjoyed her days at International Space Station. She also stated that she will not miss a chance to visit the ISS if she got a chance in future. She expressed that she would like to live a life in a zero-gravity environment in the ISS.  “The floating, the sleeping, just being in zero gravity — it’s so much easier to move. I love being in space,” she expressed.

She stated all these in the episode of One Strange Rock on National Geographic channel. She further stated that all the astronauts have same psychological development. Even though there are borders between nations, but from space, the earth looks like a perfect place for human where they can live and develop. Humans are attached with some kind of special connection.  All the living beings share the same air. As there are no planets like Earth in the space, it’s the responsibility of people to protect the planet.

Taking about Peggy Whitson, she is a former head astronaut on the ISS. She has created a record in space history as the longest single flight in space by a woman by staying 665 days there. On 3rd September 2017, she returned to Earth.

SpaceX rocket launch melts a camera, set up around 400 yards away from the launch pad

Bill Ingalls who have been working for NASA for last 30 years has reported some interesting and unusual thing that took place on 22nd May 2018. He was there to capture the image of a 230-foot-tall SpaceX rocket which was launched on that day from the launch pad at Vandenberg Air Force Base located in California.

He had placed that cameras near the launchpad. The cameras are designed in such a way that they will capture images after detecting the thunderous roar of the rocket. Unfortunately, the launch developed a grass fire which destroyed one of his cameras outside the launch pad. Ingalls informed that he had six remotes, four were placed inside the perimeter and two were placed at the safety perimeter. The fire reached the camera and melted the camera body. Then the camera was recovered by firefighters. Ingalls then tried to open the camera to check if the memory card is working or not. Fortunately, it was in working condition.

On that day, SpaceX launched five telecommunication satellites and two NASA’s gravity-mapping satellites into the Earth’s lower orbit. It was good for Space X and NASA but, a bad day for Ingalls. At the end of the launch, he got a toasty camera but all the images have survived.

In his Facebook account, Ingalls stated “I had many other cameras much closer to the pad than this and all are safe. This was the result of a small brush fire, which is not unheard of from launches, and was extinguished by fireman, albeit after my cam was baked.” However, the strange thing is that the four cameras which were placed inside the launch perimeter were discovered undamaged. But the camera which was placed furthers from the launch pad.

As per the sources, the high heat produced from the launch lighted California flora. The fire them ripped through the plants and caught the camera, melted camera’s plastic body. Ingalls further stated that in the misshape he lost one Canon EOS 5Ds camera body, a Canon 24-105mm lens, and a tripod. All were NASA’s property. The camera setup also consisted of a remote-triggering mechanism box and a microphone. If talking about the cost, the new setup will cost around $5,000.

Ingalls in an email stated he doesn’t know if the damaged camera of NASA is insured or not but NASA will replace the damaged unit with a new one soon.  The camera, however, managed to save some precious photos like its fiery doom and Falcon 9 rocket blasting off from the launchpad. Just a few days ago, NASA published a footage showing all the photos taken by Ingalls camera.  For now, the camera will be displayed at NASA’s headquarter situated in Washington, DC.

Commenting on this NASA stated that once the fire reached the camera, it was quickly engulfed it. The body started to melt. When Ingalls returned to the site, firefighters were waiting to greet him. Recognizing the camera was destroyed, Ingalls forced open the body to see if its memory card could be salvaged. It could, which is how we can see the fire approaching the camera.

On the other side, some have started giving their opinion on this and stated the reason of such accident.

One of the reasons for this was, Ingalls tried to get his remote camera as close as possible to the Falcon 9 launch pad to capture close-up images. The whole incident shows the unfortunate result of an attempt at an extreme closeup.

Peter King, commenting on this twitted that NASA photographer Bill Ingalls is one of the best. He tries to get his remote cameras as close to the launch pad as possible for great results. This would illustrate the unfortunate result of an attempt at an extreme closeup. Not sure this is covered by warranty.

However, it’s not for the first time that Ingalls has had lost a camera in such launch event.  In the year 1995, Ingalls was in Kazakhstan. He was there to capture the photos of the launch event of a Soyuz rocket for the Mir Space station. In that event, he lost his Hasselblad camera, which was placed only 10 feet away from him. The incident caused by the rocks and one big rock sheared off one side of the camera.

Ingalls has been working with NASA as a photographer for last 30 years and captured many stunning images of rocket launches, landing, presidents, astronauts and many astronomical wonders. Ingalls will travel to Kazakhstan on 3rd June 2018 to capture images of the International Space Station’s Expedition 55 crew.

Talking about the launch, the Falcon 9 carried two NASA Grace-FO mission satellites. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On will study the movement of Earth’s masses. The satellite has developed through a joint venture between NASA and the German Research Centre of Geosciences.

Peggy Whitson shares her experience of staying in space; says Earth is the best place of human

NASA’s astronaut Peggy Whitson spent a record-breaking 665 days in space at the International Space Station which is the more than any American has spent till now. Peggy, from the smallest town of Iowa, has termed the ISS as her second home. But about her current home address, it is the Earth.  The astronaut has shared her experience about the time when she left the International Space Station for the last time. She shares in the final episode of One Strange Rock. The episode broadcasted on 28th May on the National Geographic Channel. The last episode named There’s No Place Like Home showed the return journey of Whitson, astronaut Jack Fischer, and cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin, from ISS to the Earth.
The last episode also carries some exclusive footage of the inside part of ISS which were filmed by Paolo Nespoli, European astronaut. The video shows some outstanding scenes of Whitson’s life in the ISS. It describes every activity of her like moving around the ISS, staring out from windows of ISS, etc.

Expressing her emotions and stating about her home, Whitson informed that it’s all about the perspective of the person.  For her, the first home was the firm located in Beacons Ville, lowa. She lived there during her childhood time. There she started her schooling at Wesleyan College, lowa. Then her home started to expand to other cities she moved to Texas, where she joined Johnson Space Center of NASA. During that time, it was like the whole state was her home. Then she used to travel Russia very frequently and became a part of the United States of America. So, for her, the home was the Earth. However, her cheerful smile and laughs are the proof that she loved her life spent in the ISS, installing batteries, electrical components, testing space microbes and more. Talking more about this, she stated it was really incredible to be a part of space exploration. But, one phase of her life in the ISS that she won’t miss is the toilet of ISS.

The International Space Station is not a hotel and she has termed the journey as a camping trip. Even though, the toilet of ISS is not bad, it is something better than from using Maximum Absorbency Garment diapers which were used during the Apollo moon mission. The cost of the ISS’s toilet is around $19,000 but not first class.  Whitson stated that urinating in the ISS was quite easy. For this, astronauts in the ISSS, use a funnel attached with a fan which produce vacuum power and suctions the pee away.

After around 8 days, the liquid turns into drinking water for the astronauts. But things weren’t just simple in case of number two. Here the astronauts need to hit a small target. The toilet has a little plate-sized hole and the hole is covered with a silver can. During the process, the attached fan produces vacuum forces and suck the body waste away. After the end of the process, the body waste then gets sealed up for space trash.  But, it gets full before the next space trash, the astronauts pack it down using rubber gloves. Around 80 to 85 percent of urine recycled into astronaut’s drinking water in ISS.

Now coming back to the real matter, in the all One Strange Rock series, eight astronauts have shared their thoughts about the Earth. The psychological development is quite common among the astronauts and called as the overview effect. The whole world is divided by borders, but from space, the view is something different. One will get to see the most stunning and beautiful view of the planet earth where there are no borders between the nations and all people are bound with a special connection and share a special connection.

Whitson added, when she flew for the first time to space she was thinking about how thin the atmosphere is. It was looking delicate. All people share the same air and planet and it is important to take care of planet.

For now, Whitson doesn’t have any plan for space travel but she stated that she will never hesitate to travel again on space missions. She will never miss such opportunity.  Expressing her optimistic thought about alien worlds, she stated maybe one-day human will get life in the universe.

Whitson further added that “Looking out into space and seeing thousands of stars and identifying that all these stars are in our galaxy, and there’s actually billions and billions of galaxies.”  There will be some sort of life sign. That life may not look like humans or may be based on the human’s living principle.

For now, Earth is the only place where one can survive and expand.  Other planets don’t have that quality where a life can grow. But Whitson also expressed that she would like to live under a weightless or a zero-gravity environment like the ISS has. It provides a much easier way to move as one can fly here and there with just little push. Whitson told that she loves to live in space and the zero-gravity experience there is really nice.

NASA’s EmDrive engine test results are false and it doesn’t work; new study suggests

Scientists have been trying to develop powerful engines which can reduce the duration of space travel. To develop such technology, scientists from Eagleworks advanced-propulsion of NASA have been working on such engine which is known as the rocket propulsion engine, called EmDrive. As per the report, the engine will produce that much of power, it will take only 70 days to travel to Mars from Earth.

This powerful engine was originally developed by Roger Shawye, a British scientist in the year 2000. This engine will not require any fuel. The system will produce thrust by pushing microwaves out of the metal cone. It is expected that this engine will make the spaceflight cheaper.

Talking about some past reports, in 2016 NASA’s Johnson Space Center informed that NASA’s maverick team has tested the engine and also measured some thrust power. But during that time, no one was ready to believe on that. After that scientist from the Technical University at Dresden, Germany also conducted the test in a vacuum chamber which consisted various sensor and automated gizmos. Using that, the scientists tweaked the setting for different sources of thrust. They concluded that, when exposed to exposed to a magnetic field, the engine wasn’t able to produce thrust.  But when they reduced the level of microwaves by lowering the power, they got some thrust. At the space propulsion expo which was conducted recently, the researchers of the study informed that the EmDrive does not produce thrust. The thrust is produced by electromagnetic interaction.

During the study, the scientists detected that no matter what the direction was, there was thrust in the engine. The power for the thrust generates from the second sources, not from fuel, but from earth’s magnetism.

The newly published report stated that the recent experiments did not make use of a special shield of mu metals. These metals can protect the EmDrive from the interaction of aforementioned magnetic field. In 2016’s test, NASA didn’t use the mu metals. So, it can say that the test results from 2016 were false and they were lacking required magnetic fields.

Martin Tajmar, from TU Dresden, informed that they focused more to detect the sources of error which cause false trust indication. The researchers from German also used low power levels, which can cause actual indication. The new results of the test were introduced at the Space Propulsion Conference, 2018 which was held in Spain.